Today is Thursday, July 11, the 192nd day of 2013. There are 173 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1533 – Pope Clement VII excommunicates England’s King Henry VIII after his first marriage to Catherine of Aragon is annulled so he can wed Anne Boleyn.
1572 – Sir Humphrey Gilbert, half brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, lands in the Netherlands with a band of 1,500 English volunteers to fight the Spanish.
1614 – Swedish army under Jacob De La Gardie defeats Russian forces at Bronnitsy. Sweden gains a continuous territorial base extending from Finland to Estonia, which protects the Finnish frontier and blocks Russia from access to the Baltic Sea.
1810 – Napoleonic Empire annexes Holland.
1956 – Finno-Karelian Republic is abolished through incorporation into Soviet Union as Karelian Autonomous Republic.
1960 – Premier Moise Tshombe of Katanga, now part of Congo, proclaims independence of that province.
1963 – South African police raid the secret headquarters of the African National Congress in a farmhouse north of Johannesburg. Walter Sisulu and other leaders are arrested; Army in Ecuador ousts President Carlos Julio Arosemena, accusing him of being a communist sympathizer.
1967 – Communist-led mobs of Chinese in Hong Kong step up violent activities, and British authorities halt all public transport as a safety measure.
1971 – Moroccan government says leaders of a coup against King Hassan have been slain or arrested.
1978 – Truck carrying industrial gas explodes and sets fire to campsite on Mediterranean coast in Spain, killing at least 180 people.
1987 – United Nations proclaims newborn boy Matej Gaspar in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, in what is now Croatia, the world’s 5 billionth inhabitant.
1990 – Hundreds of thousands of miners in Ukraine hold a one-day strike to protest the policies of the Soviet government.
1991 – Jetliner carrying Nigerian pilgrims crashes in flames in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 people on board.
1992 – Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega sentenced to 40 years in U.S. prison for money laundering and drug trafficking.
1993 – Military rulers and opposition leaders agree to hold presidential elections in Togo, the first step to resolving a power struggle that claimed hundreds of lives in the west African country.
1994 – Seven East European technicians are shot dead in two attacks in Algeria, the victims of a campaign by Islamist extremists to cripple the economy and topple the government.
1998 – Brushing aside international calls for a cease-fire, Serb forces pound Albanian rebels outside Pec in the Yugoslav province of Kosovo sending hundreds of civilians fleeing through the mountains.
1999 – A heat wave and a violent storm converge on central and eastern Europe killing more than a dozen people and blocking rails and roads. Hail causes extensive damage and kills hundreds of farm animals.
2000 – A damaged gasoline pipeline explodes in southern Nigeria, killing 200 people and injuring dozens of others.
2001 – Weeping Bosnian Muslim widows who lost their husbands and sons in one of the worst massacres in modern history lash out at Slobodan Milosevic and fugitive leaders of the Bosnian Serbs on the sixth anniversary of the slaughter in Srebrenica.
2002 – South Korean President Kim Dae-jung appoints the country’s first female prime minister, Chang Sang.
2003 – The CIA accepts responsibility for the false claim regarding Iraq obtaining uranium from Niger in U.S. President George W. Bush’s January State of the Union address.
2004 – Italian Coast Guard motorboats block a German aid ship from docking in Sicily after it sails southern Mediterranean waters for three weeks in search of a haven for its passengers, including 36 Sudanese seeking asylum.
2005 – Two gun attacks in Belfast leave one man dead and another critically wounded on the eve of Northern Ireland’s tensest day of the year — the divisive “Twelfth” holiday of mass Protestant marches.
2006 – Eight bombs hit Bombay’s commuter rail network during rush hour in the financial hub of India, killing at least 200 people and wounding hundreds more.
2007 – Pakistani troops complete an eight-day siege and storming of Islamabad’s radical Red Mosque. Some 102 people die, including 10 elite troops and at least 73 suspected pro-Taliban militants.
2008 — Lebanon’s Prime Minister Fuad Saniora forms a national unity Cabinet in which Hezbollah and its allies have veto power over government decisions.
2009 – The deaths of eight British soldiers in Afghanistan within 24 hours triggers a debate in Britain that could undercut public support for the war just as the U.S. is ramping up its own participation in the conflict.
2010 – Spain defeats Netherlands 1-0 in extra time to win World Cup.
2011 — An aging cruise ship was severely overcrowded, had a malfunctioning engine and listed to one side before it sinks in heavy wind and rain on a river east of Moscow, killing as many as 129 people.
2012 — Decades after the U.S gave Laos a horrific distinction as the world’s most heavily bombed coiuntry per person, Secretary of State pledges to help get rid of millions of unploded bombs that still pockmark the impoverished country and still kill.
Robert I the Bruce, Scottish king (1274-1329); Thomas Bowdler, English editor of Shakespeare works (1754-1825); Peter I Karageorgevic, first king of Yugoslavia (1844-1921); Gough Whitlam, Australian prime minister (1916–); Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (1920-1985); Nicolai Gedda, Swedish operatic tenor (1925–); Richie Sambora, guitarist w/ rock group Bon Jovi (1959–); Lil’ Kim, U.S. rapper (1975–).
Thought For Today: You come into the world alone and you go out of the world alone yet it seems to me you are more alone while living than even going and coming — Emily Carr, Canadian artist and author (1871-1945).
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